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Manchester is one of the major cities in the northwest of England. According to 2015 census, its population was 530,300. With 2.55 million population, it is the second most popular urban area in the UK. Manchester City Council is the local authority in the Manchester.
The history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement that was established in AD 79 on a sandstone nearby the rivers Irwell and Medlock. The areas lying on the south bank of the River Mersey were merged in the 20th century and it became the part of Lanchester city.
Manchester remained the manorial township throughout the middle ages but started to expand in the turn of 19th century “at an astonishing rate”. The unplanned urbanisation of Manchester come to boom with the revolution of textile manufacturing. As a result, it becomes the world’s first industrialised city.
Manchester gained the status of a city in 1853. In 1894, the Ship Canal was opened in Manchester. It creates the Manchester’s Port and joins the city and sea. Its prosperity fainted during the Second World War as this war resulted in deindustrialisation. In 1996, the IRA bombing led to broad investment and regeneration.
Manchester City Council governs the city Manchester. In 1986, the prior Greater Manchester County Council was eliminated making it a unitary authority. Manchester is a member of English Core Cities Group since 1995. Thomas Greeley granted an agreement to the town of Manchester in 1301. In 1359, its borough status was gone in some court case.
Manchester has an Oceanic temperature climate. The temperature in summer goes to 20 Celsius and reaches 25 particularly in July and August. Temperature now goes to 30 Celsius on occasions. During the winters, the temperature rarely follows below the freezing. There is general rainfall throughout the year. Manchester has an average of annual rainfall is 806.6 mm.
This means that 140.4 days per annum are rainy. The average of UK is 154.4 days per annum. It has high humidity level along with a great supply of soft water. This is one of the crucial factors that results in textile industry localization. Because of urban warming effect in the city, snowfall is not very common.
In 1931, the population of Manchester started to increase during the Victorian era. After it, the population start reducing rapidly because of the removal of the slum and the increased building of social housing overspill estates. In 2012, the estimated population was 510,700.
It is an increase of 1.6 since the 2011 MYE. The population has evolved to 20.8% since 2001. According to 2011 census, Manchester is the third fastest growing area. Manchester experienced the great percentage of growth outside the London with an increase of 500,000. With the increase of 2.8 % from 2011, the population is projected to reach 532,200 by 2021.
Along with Salford, Stockport, Tameside and Trafford, the Office for National Statistics produce economic data for Manchester city. The growth of the economy is comparatively high between 2002 and 2012 where growth was 2.3% that is above the national average of the Manchester.
The UK’s wide-ranging economy of the metropolitan is the third largest with GDP of $88.3 bn. As it continues to recover from the recession that is faced in 2008-10, Manchester compares favourably to other geographies. It reports the annual growth of 5% in business stock.
The buildings of Manchester shows the variety of architectural styles that range from Victorian to contemporary architecture. The use of red brick makes the city beautiful. There is a large number of cotton mills just outside the city.
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